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Fulda Today and History
In the Centre of Germany
In the year 744 AD Fulda was founded through the construction of a monastery. Today Fulda is the largest city in the east of Hesse and is located in the centre of Germany.
At the beginning of the 13th century Fulda received city rights and nearly 400 years later, that is to say in 1700, Johannes Dientzenhofer was contracted to build the Cathedral of Fulda. It was finished in 1712 and sanctified on August 15th of the same year. It is the town's landmark and is a symbol of the baroque building style, which you can find everywhere in Fulda, especially in the Old Town.
The physicist and Nobel laureate Ferdinand Braun was born 1850 in Fulda and later developed the "Braun tube" which is a basic component of television technology since the 1930s.
During the Cold War Fulda held an important strategic position. The expression "Fulda Gap" was formed because it was possible for the Eastern Bloc to attack the south-west of Germany through the Fulda River valley. Therefore a US garrison was stationed here during this period.
Fulda is the ninth largest town in Hesse with an area of more than 100 km² and a population figure of more than 63.000 people. Between 1734 and 1805 there was a university, today there is a technical university as well as many schools.
Economically candle production, metal and cloth processing gained importance in the times of the industrialisation. Besides the cloth production Fulda is famous for the "Fulda Reifen" (tyres produced in Fulda by the company called "Fulda Reifen") today. Other well-known, Fulda-based companies are the car development company "EDAG" and the supermarket chain "tegut".